Cossack, W.A.

I have always been interested in the effect of water on survival—not just that of plants, animals, and humans, but on cities and even civilizations. A river changes course, and a city disappears. That’s less true these days, as we now pipe water into all sorts of inhospitable places that were never really meant to support life, at least not much life (Las Vegas and Los Angeles come to mind). But historically, it has been an issue.

I can remember being amazed as I walked the streets of Ostia Antica, once the great port of Ancient Rome, to note that there was no sign of the great harbor that once made this spot so important. The silting up of the harbor doomed the great city, which sank into oblivion (though the city is one of the all-time great places to visit Roman ruins, as so much is still intact).

In Western Australia, Cossack was once a bustling port, too. Not like Ostia, of course, but impressive for a remote location in the Australian outback. Things started to bustle a little less as the pearl oyster beds diminished and people moved to Broome. But it was the silting up of the harbor that ended Cossack’s glory days.

Cossack, which was our next stop as we crossed the Pilbara, is now a ghost town, but a few imposing stone buildings, some of them restored by those who love the region’s history, suggest a time when the town was busier.

In addition to being the first port in the northwest to service the region’s growing pastoral industry (by 1869, there were more than 39,000 sheep in the Pilbara), it was also the gateway for thousands of people seeking their fortunes in the Pilbara gold rush in the 1880s. And for a while, it was a cornerstone of Australia’s booming pearling industry.

The town had several names before it became Cossack. The name that finally stuck came from a ship that brought the governor of Western Australia, Sir Frederick Weld, to the site. So it has been Cossack since 1871. By 1887, there was a horse drawn tramway connecting Cossack with the nearby town of Roebourne.

But Cossack was soon in decline. By 1900, pearlers were moving on. By 1910, the harbor had silted up and shipping had been relocated. A few people continued to live in the town until after World War II, but by 1950, the town had been abandoned.

It was not abandoned for good, however. Those history buffs keep restoring buildings, interested in saving a piece of history. And Cossack has become a big tourist draw for this little corner of the northwest.

The site is actually quite lovely. The harbor may no longer be useful, but there is still water nearby, and it makes a remarkably vivid backdrop to the little ghost town.

The images below are of an abandoned house and of the restored Cossack Courthouse.

Abandoned building, Cossack, W.A.

Abandoned building, Cossack, W.A.

Restored Cossack courthouse.

Restored Cossack courthouse.

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6 Comments

Filed under Australia, Book, History, Travel

6 responses to “Cossack, W.A.

  1. C

    Oh, thanks for the tip, a definite stop on the next trip 🙂

  2. ultraguy

    Beautiful blog! Thanks for stopping by mine. G’day!

  3. Kate

    The “abandoned building” is actually the old school.

  4. Cossack is a wonderful place to spend a day, and even a night if the mosquitoes don’t get you. The view from the lookout is wonderful and from which many ocean animals can be seen – whales, dolphin, manta ray and
    more. Reading the tombstones in the cemetery will at the very least make you teary, and probably nearly break you heart. The trials and tribulations of mothers of children has to be read to be believed.
    There was a really good booklet available outlining the history of Cossack called The Winds That Blew at Cossack. The history of that area including Roebourne and Port Samson will leave in wonderment of the way our pioneers lived and worked in the mid 1800’s.
    It will take the better part of a whole day just to explore Cossack, to sit and feel the history of the area and perhaps enjoy a picnic – which of course you have brought with you. (I haven’t been there for a while, but there was no food or water obtainable at the town-site.
    My sincere suggestion is to spend some time reading the history of the area before you visit, the whole town comes alive to you once you have taken the time to research.
    The fishing is great off the beach and the mud crabs – well, find out for yourself

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